Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
2 Creating a
In both academic and business environments, you will be asked to write reports. Business
reports range from proposals to cost justiﬁ cations to ﬁ ve-year plans to research ﬁ ndings.
Academic reports focus mostly on research ﬁ ndings. A research paper is a document
you can use to communicate the results of research ﬁ ndings. To write a research paper,
you learn about a particular topic from a variety of sources (research), organize your ideas
from the research results, and then present relevant facts and/or opinions that support the
topic. Your ﬁ nal research paper combines properly credited outside information along with
personal insights. Thus, no two research papers — even if about the same topic — will or
should be the same.
Project — Research Paper
When preparing a research paper, you should follow a standard documentation style that
deﬁ nes the rules for creating the paper and crediting sources. A variety of documentation styles
exists, depending on the nature of the research paper. Each style requires the same basic
information; the differences in styles relate to requirements for presenting the information.
For example, one documentation style uses the term bibliography for the list of sources,
whereas another uses references, and yet a third prefers the title works cited. Two popular
documentation styles for research papers are the Modern Language Association of
America MLA ) and American Psychological Association APA ) styles. This chapter (
uses the MLA documentation style because it is used in a wide range of disciplines.
The project in this chapter follows research paper guidelines and uses Word to create
the short research paper shown in Figure 2–1. This paper, which discusses three types of
wireless communications, follows the MLA documentation style. Each page contains a page
number. The ﬁ rst two pages present the heading (name, course, and date information),
paper title, an introduction with a thesis statement, details that support the thesis, and a
conclusion. This section of the paper also includes references to research sources. The third
page contains a detailed, alphabetical list of the sources used in the research paper.
As you read through this chapter, you will learn how to create the research paper
shown in Figure 2–1 by performing these general tasks:
• Change the document settings.
• Type the research paper.
• Save the research paper.
• Create an alphabetical list of sources.
• Proof and revise the research paper.
• Print the research paper.