Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
If you want a cell reference to remain constant when the formula using it is copied to
another cell, you can use an absolute reference. To write a cell reference as an absolute
reference, type $ before the row letter and the column number. For example, if you want
the formula in cell D16 to show the sum of values in cells C10 through C14 regardless of
the cell into which it is pasted, you can write the formula as =SUM($C$10:$C$14) .
Tip Another way to ensure your cell references don’t change when you copy the formula
to another cell is to click the cell that contains the formula, copy the formula’s text in the
formula bar, press the Esc key to exit cut-and-copy mode, click the cell where you want to
paste the formula, and press Ctrl+V. Excel doesn’t change the cell references when you copy
your formula to another cell in this manner.
One quick way to change a cell reference from relative to absolute is to select the cell
reference in the formula box and then press F4. Pressing F4 cycles a cell reference
through the four possible types of references:
Relative columns and rows (for example, C4)
Absolute columns and rows (for example, $C$4)
Relative columns and absolute rows (for example, C$4)
Absolute columns and relative rows (for example, $C4)
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