Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Creating a Research
Paper with Citations
and References
In both academic and business environments, you will be asked to write reports. Business
reports range from proposals to cost justii cations to i ve-year plans to research i ndings.
Academic reports focus mostly on research i ndings.
A research paper is a document you can use to communicate the results of research
i ndings. To write a research paper, you learn about a particular topic from a variety of
sources (research), organize your ideas from the research results, and then present relevant
facts and/or opinions that support the topic. Your i nal research paper combines properly
credited outside information along with personal insights. Thus, no two research papers —
even if about the same topic — will or should be the same.
Project — Research Paper
When preparing a research paper, you should follow a standard documentation style that
dei nes the rules for creating the paper and crediting sources. A variety of documentation
styles exists, depending on the nature of the research paper. Each style requires the same
basic information; the differences in styles relate to requirements for presenting the
information. For example, one documentation style uses the term bibliography for the
list of sources, whereas another uses references, and yet a third prefers the title works
cited. Two popular documentation styles for research papers are the Modern Language
Association of America ( MLA ) and American Psychological Association ( APA )
styles. This chapter uses the MLA documentation style because it is used in a wide
range of disciplines.
The project in this chapter follows research paper guidelines and uses Word
to create the short research paper shown in Figure 2–1. This paper, which discusses
triangulation, follows the MLA documentation style. Each page contains a page number.
The i rst two pages present the name and course information (student name, instructor
name, course name, and paper due date), paper title, an introduction with a thesis
statement, details that support the thesis, and a conclusion. This section of the paper
also includes references to research sources and a footnote. The third page contains
a detailed, alphabetical list of the sources referenced in the research paper. All pages
include a header at the upper-right edge of the page.
APA Appendix
If your version of this
book includes the Word
APA Appendix and you
are required to create
a research paper using
the APA documentation
style instead of the MLA
documentation style,
the appendix shows the
steps required to create
the research paper in
this chapter using the
APA guidelines. If your
version of this topic does
not include the Word
APA Appendix, see print
publications or search
the Web for the APA
WD 66
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