Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Changing Text
Formula
Result
=LOWER(“The Cow Jumped
Over The Moon”)
the cow jumped over the moon
=UPPER(“the cow jumped
over the moon”)
THE COW JUMPED OVER THE MOON
=PROPER(“the cow jumped
over the moon”)
The Cow Jumped Over The Moon
Try this:
1. Enter a sentence in a cell.
Any old sentence will do, but don’t make any letters uppercase. For
example, type “excel is great” or “computers give me a headache.”
2. Position the cursor in an empty cell.
3. Enter =UPPER( to start the function.
4. Click the cell that has the sentence, or enter its address.
5. Type a ), and press Enter.
6. In another empty cell, enter =PROPER( to start the function.
7. Click the cell that has the sentence, or enter its address.
8. Type a ), and press Enter.
You should now have two cells that show the sentence with a case
change. One cell has the sentence in uppercase; the other cell, in
proper case.
Perhaps you noticed there is another possibility that needs to be addressed.
What about when just the first word needs to start with an uppercase letter
and the rest of the string is all lowercase? Some people refer to this as
sentence case. You can create sentence case by using the UPPER, LEFT, RIGHT,
and LEN functions. (LEN is explained earlier in this chapter.) With the
assumption that the text is in cell B10, here is how the formula looks:
=UPPER(LEFT(B10,1)) & RIGHT(B10,LEN(B10)-1)
In a nutshell, the UPPER function is applied to the first letter, which is
isolated with the help of the LEFT function. This result is concatenated with the
remainder of the string. You know how much is left by using LEN to get the
length of the string and using the RIGHT function to get all the characters
from the right, less one. This type of multiuse function work takes a bit of
getting used to.
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