Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Comparing, Finding, and Measuring Text
Figure 16-10:
Comparing
strings with
the EXACT
function.
What if you want to compare strings without regard to case? In other words,
APPLE and apple would be considered the same. Excel does not have a
function for this, but the result is easily obtained with EXACT and UPPER. The idea
is to convert both strings to uppercase and compare the results:
=EXACT(UPPER(“APPLE”), UPPER(“apple”))
You could just as well use LOWER here.
Finding and searching
Two functions, FIND and SEARCH, work in a quite similar fashion. A couple
of differences are key to figuring out which to use. Both FIND and SEARCH
find one string inside a larger string and tell you the position at which it was
found (or produce #VALUE if it is not found). The differences follow:
FIND
SEARCH
Case sensitive. It will not, for example,
find At inside heat.
Not case sensitive.
You cannot use the wild cards * and ?.
You can use the wild cards
* and ?.
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