Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
XML Glossary
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XML data. Also called an XML document , the .xml file is the
raw XML data stored independently of the way in which it is
presented.
XML schema. A document that defines the elements, entities,
and content allowed in the document.
XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language). A language used to
create style sheets that can be attached to XML documents to
present the data in various forms.
XSLT (XSL Transformations). Transforms the structure of
an XML document to create different views.
More Than Markup
Some people refer to XML as a markup language because, after all, that’s what
its name (Extensible Markup Language) implies. But XML is more than a
language of tags; it actually allows users to create their own markup languages
specific to their data needs, based on a collection of set standards. With XML,
you use specific rules to create your own tags and style sheets; the individual
tags describe the content and meaning of the data rather than the display format
of the data (which is what HTML controls). XML is generally reader-friendly,
meaning that humans can easily read and follow the basic logic in the code.
The following is a simple example of an XML document containing information
about a series of workshops offered by a sporting goods company:
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