Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Introducing PowerPoint Presentations
✓ Slide layouts: Every slide has a slide layout that controls how
information is arranged on the slide. A slide layout is simply a collection of one
or more placeholders, which set aside an area of the slide to hold
information. Depending on the layout that you choose for a slide, the
placeholders can hold text, graphics, clip art, sound or video files, tables,
charts, graphs, diagrams, or other types of content.
✓ Background: Every slide has a background, which provides a backdrop
for the slide’s content. The background can be a solid color; a blend of
two colors; a subtle texture, such as marble or parchment; a pattern,
such as diagonal lines, bricks, or tiles; or an image file. Each slide can
have a different background, but you usually want to use the same
background for every slide in your presentation to provide a consistent look.
✓ Themes: Themes are combinations of design elements such as color
schemes and fonts that make it easy to create attractive slides that don’t
look ridiculous. You can stray from the themes if you want, but you
should do so only if you have a better eye than the design gurus who
work for Microsoft.
✓ Slide Masters: Slide Masters are special slides that control the basic
design and formatting options for slides in your presentation. Slide
Masters are closely related to layouts — in fact, each layout has its own
Slide Master that determines the position and size of basic title and text
placeholders; the background and color scheme used for the
presentation; and font settings, such as typefaces, colors, and sizes. In addition,
Slide Masters can contain graphic and text objects that you want to
appear on every slide.
You can edit the Slide Masters to change the appearance of all the slides
in your presentation at once. This helps to ensure that the slides have a
All the features described in the preceding list work together to control the
appearance of your slides in much the same way that style sheets and
templates control the appearance of Word documents. You can customize the
appearance of individual slides by adding any of the following elements:
✓ Title and body text: Most slide layouts include placeholders for title and
body text. You can type any text that you want into these placeholders.
By default, PowerPoint formats the text according to the Slide Master,
but you can easily override this formatting to use any font, size, styles
like bold or italic, or text color that you want.
✓ Text boxes: You can add text anywhere on a slide by drawing a text box
and then typing text. Text boxes enable you to add text that doesn’t fit
conveniently in the title or body text placeholders.
✓ Shapes: You can use PowerPoint’s drawing tools to add a variety of shapes
to your slides. You can use predefined AutoShapes, such as rectangles,
circles, stars, arrows, and flowchart symbols. Alternatively, you can create
your own shapes by using basic line, polygon, and freehand drawing tools.