Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
This is the second of two chapters concerning the installation of SharePoint Foundation. The
previous chapter covered the Standalone installation of SharePoint, from the prerequisites to
postinstallation tasks. That type of installation, sometimes considered “one-click,” configures most of
the services required by SharePoint to use local system, service, or network service accounts, and
it installs SQL 2008 Express to manage its databases. The Standalone installation was meant to be
truly a one-server product, with everything on that server.
In this chapter, you are going to do another SharePoint installation, but this time you’ll
configure SharePoint to put its databases in an existing installation of SQL (either on a different server or
on the same server). SQL Server, unlike SQL Express, can be remotely accessed, and therefore its
databases can be accessed from other servers. This will allow SharePoint to share its configuration
settings with other SharePoint front-end servers in a server farm topology. Because of that, there
will be a few additional steps to prepare for before installation should begin.
Because SharePoint will have services that require access to other servers on the network,
authentication and permissions become an issue. This is why using Active Directory with
SharePoint is so useful, with all the servers on the same domain (or in a trusted domain),
allowing them to share domain user accounts.
In this chapter, you will learn to
Prepare for a Complete installation
Install SharePoint using the Complete installation option
Determine what service accounts SharePoint requires and how to set them up
Manually configure necessary SharePoint services
Preparing for a SharePoint Complete Installation
SharePoint, as much as it might try, cannot be installed without some prerequisites already
on the server and configured first. In addition, the Complete installation requires a little more
preparation before installation than the Standalone version.
The previous chapter went into considerable detail concerning installing the prerequisites.
I will cover them here as well, in case you need it, but for more step-by-step detail, feel free to
check out the beginning of the previous chapter. (I am assuming, because a Complete
installation is more advanced than a Standalone, that those of you doing it might need less explanation.
If that is not the case, in Chapter 2, “Standalone Installation,” you’ll find detailed coverage of
behind-the-scenes confirmation of every change during the prerequisite installation and, for
the most part, configuration process, complete with information about the IIS consoles, sidebars
about customizing incoming email, and more.)