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In Depth Information
A SHAREPOINT ADMINISTRATION UTILITY ACCOUNT
Many administrators may use their own accounts to manage SharePoint, but I prefer to keep my
SharePoint administrative account separate from my personal domain account. Because of this, I
have a Domain Admins account called shareadmin (its display name is SharePoint Admin, as you’ll
see throughout the topic) that I use specifically to manage and administer the server the SharePoint
run on, as well as SharePoint itself.
The account doesn’t need to be a Domain Admin, as long as it is a local administrator for each of the
SharePoint servers. Essentially, the account must have the right to install software, run tools, and
manage server roles (such as IIS) and services locally on all SharePoint servers on the domain.
In addition, to administer SharePoint, I add the account to Central Administration as a farm
administrator. This makes it possible for the account to be authorized to manage SharePoint, create and
configure new web applications and site collections, do backups, and more. This account, with
those rights and permissions, can use the SharePoint command-line tool, STSADM, to manage
SharePoint from the command line. It also can install and administer SharePoint-specific features
and solutions, web parts, and other utilities.
To be capable of using PowerShell to administer the entire farm, I also add it as a shell admin,
specifying that it have rights to all databases. This makes it possible to do all the cmdlets to administer
the farm. See Chapter 14 for details about configuring accounts to be PowerShell shell admins.
Finally, there are times, when creating new site collections, testing new templates, or taking over
a site collection, that I might use that utility account as a primary or secondary site collection
administrator. This makes it possible for me to log into the site collection, configure it, and test it
before replacing the account with the rightful owner’s account when all work is complete.
Overall, my SharePoint admin account is used for all of my SharePoint needs. It allows me to go from
the desktop of the server running SharePoint to the command line to use STSADM (or PowerShell)
to configure and manage SharePoint to the SharePoint administrative interface, all without
having to change logins.
This account may not it all network security models, but I have found it useful enough to mention.
Complete Installation of SharePoint Foundation 2010
The installation of the Complete installation’s prerequisites and SharePoint itself is the same as
it is for the Standalone type. For details concerning the exact steps of the SharePoint prerequisite
process, see Chapter 2. However, here’s a quick recap:
To have every SharePoint prerequisite on hand, be sure to have Internet access. The
prerequisite installation process of the SharePoint Foundation installation does access the
Internet for most of its bits.
Download the SharePoint Foundation installer,
SharePointFoundation.exe, from the
Microsoft Download Center.