Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
THERE’S CONVENIENCE, AND THERE’S CONVENIENCE
You could start to create a web application (or configure a service) and register a managed account
to use for their application pools on the fly, but to do that, you need to interrupt the configuration
of the long list of settings to go to the page to register the account, and when you get back, all of
the settings you entered before registering the new managed account may have to be reentered.
It’s much easier to simply know what accounts you want to manage first, register them, and then
enable the services and create web applications that need to use those accounts.
Configure the Search service. You might think it odd to configure Search first, before even
creating the first SharePoint web application, but during the configuration of a web
application, you select the Search server you want to index its content from a drop-down list. It
helps to have Search configured before the web applications.
Configure the Health and Usage data collection. Enabling the Health and Usage data
flection enables SharePoint to run the Health Analyzer tool and to generate usage reports.
Although this is not required, it is good to have data being collected from the start.
Configure the Business Data Connectivity (BDC) service. You only need to enable Business
Data Connectivity if you have any external databases you’d like to be able to access as an
external list or lookup field in SharePoint. I am going to demonstrate this feature later, so I
have to enable it.
Configure the Sandboxed Code service. First you start this service, and then you need to
specify its service account. It does not require its own database. This service, like Business
Data Connectivity, is optional. It’s used to run sandboxed solutions uploaded to site
collections. The solutions will not be able to be activated if this service is not running. If you
aren’t going to use sandboxed solutions, this service does not need to be started.
WHAT’S THE SERVICE APPLICATION GOT TO DO WITH IT?
Both Health and Usage as well as BDC are considered service applications and can be applied per
web application, meaning they show up as options on the web application configuration page when
creating a web application. If these services are not configured before the web application, their
settings won’t be available to be selected while creating web applications.
Create at least one web application to contain SharePoint sites (in addition to Central
Administration, without which you couldn’t administer SharePoint).
Create a site collection to go into that web application. Remember that a web application
is just an empty container, defined by its address and security settings. Without a site
collection, even if it’s no more than a single top-level site, there would be no pages for users to
open in a browser at that web application’s URL.