Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Although the web application has been created, it’s just an empty container waiting to be
filled with SharePoint site collections. So, let’s get started.
Creating the First Site Collection
Now that there is a web application to put it in, it’s time to create a site collection. In the Application
Created box, there is a link to Create Site Collection; click it to begin. (If you closed the box, go back
to the Application Management page in Central Administration, and click the Create Site Collection
Immediately, the notification box turns into a Create Site Collection settings box, which
unfortunately wastes some screen real estate. (If you created your site collection using the Create Site
Collections link under Application Management in Central Administration, the settings will be
offered on a normal browser page and not in a box.)
In the Create Site Collection box, there are, again, enough settings that it’s useful to group the
sections together roughly by screenshot.
Remember that a web application is completely empty without a site. Sites are organized into
site collections in SharePoint, even though they all start with just one top-level site. In the case of
our web application, this is going to be the first one in this SharePoint implementation, so it can
have the coveted HTTP://servername URL. This address is very easy for users to understand
and use (second only to www.servername.com). This site collection we are getting ready to
create can have its top-level home page at that root address of the web application’s URL. Only one
site collection can use that address per web application; all others must use a different path.
Often the first site in the first web application, because of the simple address, is used as a
portal site—a nice, general, all-purpose site that might have links in it to other sites or site
collections. For that reason it usually has the most generic of all templates applied to it: the Team
Site template. Although a number of site templates are available out of the box with SharePoint
Foundation, the Team Site template is a good top-level site template. A standard, welcome-to-
the-site-collection site, with announcements, discussions, and tasks lists and a document library,
it is a good all-around starter site—useful from the start, with good bones to add things to later.
There are six sections on this settings page. The first three sections of the Create Site Collection
page, shown in Figure 3.47, are Title And Description, Web Site Address, and Template Selection.
1. In the Title And Description section, you can, unsurprisingly, enter the title and
description for the site collection’s top-level site. The title of the site will appear on most of the
pages of the site (if the title breadcrumb area is showing), but the description will appear
only on the home page. (Unless you create a wiki library, which, inexplicably, uses the
site’s description in its title area instead of its own.) Feel free to enter something
appropriate. In my example, I am going to use Company Site for my title and Corporate Collaboration
for the description.
In the Web Site Address section, the only web application available, the one you just made,
is already prepopulated as the root of this site collection’s address. The drop-down list at
the end of the URL gives you the option of just starting the site collection from the root URL
(which displays as just a forward slash in the field) or having the site collection’s top-level
site start at http://servername/sites/.