Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Introduction to Web Parts
Web parts are an interesting addition to SharePoint. They were meant to be a convenient way to
display things on the home page of SharePoint sites. They were so handy that now they can be
added to most pages of the site. Somewhat like sidebar gadgets, web parts are independent little
applications that pull and display information from anywhere data might be available, such as
the content database, file shares, or web pages. They are resizable, movable, and self-contained.
Numerous companies have been built on customizing SharePoint web parts into all kinds of
useful things, probably well beyond the expectations of the original SharePoint developers.
Most web parts have a number of features in common. They have a title bar, a central area
to display content, borders, and, in the case of some web parts such as those used for list views,
toolbars. They can be configured to hide some features, such as the title bar or borders, or they
themselves can be hidden from user view. They can also be added to pages that can hold web
parts, be rearranged, be minimized, be exported, be imported, and even be deleted.
There are numerous books about how to develop web parts, so this chapter covers only the
basics concerning what SharePoint offers out of the box in terms of List View web parts, web
part templates, and some user-specific, aggregating web parts. With that knowledge, you can
more easily understand what is available for you to work with and customize before paying
someone to do it for you.
For this version of SharePoint, there are two kinds of pages that can contain web parts: wiki
pages and web part pages (the latter of which can include the home page, list or library content
pages, and even the forms used to manage list or library data). For this reason, working with
web parts is a little more complicated now, not because the web parts have changed necessarily
but because the pages that can contain them have.
In this chapter, you’ll learn how to
Identify web parts
Use edit mode
Distinguish between Personal and Shared versions
Work with web parts
Export and import web parts
Using the Home Page as a Wiki Page
Because one of the most popular site templates that SharePoint offers is the Team Site template,
it’s a good idea to take a look at its home page. For this version of SharePoint, Microsoft wanted