Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
This chapter will give you an idea of what you need to know to prepare for installing
SharePoint Foundation. This kind of product does require planning. This isn’t an “install it
and then think about what you want to do with it later” kind of product. To make sure the
initial installation and configuration of your SharePoint implementation goes smoothly, it
is a good idea to know what you are going to need for success before you start.
In this chapter, you’ll learn to
Determine the software and hardware requirements you need for installing SharePoint
Identify the three ways of installing SharePoint Foundation.
Set up the necessary accounts that SharePoint needs to run.
Recognize the new features and requirements of SharePoint.
Hardware Requirements
Trying to pin down the exact hardware requirements for a product like SharePoint is tough
(And when I say SharePoint, I generally mean SharePoint Foundation in this topic unless I
specify otherwise.). There are many different ways to use it; therefore, there are many ways
to configure the resources.
Microsoft has some suggested hardware requirements. This time around, Microsoft seems
to be hedging its bets and beefing up the requirements. Your mileage may vary, but chances are
good that these suggestions will easily handle an average server load. There is no suggested
minimum anymore, only “recommended” requirements.
Processor 64-bit, multi-core (4 preferably), 2.5 GHz per core minimum.
RAM 4 GB for developer or evaluation installations (usually meaning single-server, testing
situations, not production loads), 8 GB or more for production use. Microsoft is serious about
the 8 GB recommendation. SharePoint uses IIS Web Sites and application pools, which, for
each one, use a considerable amount of RAM. So, the more IIS Web Sites (which correspond
with a SharePoint “web application”) you need, the more RAM you’ll need.
Disk 80 GB, NTFS. More disk space is recommended, depending on your storage needs,
such as SQL databases (if you are going to do a single-server install) or anything else
running on the server.
I have noticed that, for the virtual machines I am running for this topic, about 28 GB are used just
for Server 2008 R2 and SharePoint Foundation. Generally, plan for about 28 GB just for OS and
SharePoint, if nothing else. Also keep in mind that log files and indexes can grow to be unexpectedly
large very quickly, so 80 GB is a good suggested minimum.
Planning for storage is particularly important if you are running SQL and SharePoint on the same
server (as is the case in a single-server environment). You will need to plan for the storage space
of SharePoint pages in IIS, SMTP mail store (if you enable incoming email), indexing files used for
search, all storage space the databases would use for site lists and libraries, and all other databases
SharePoint uses for additional services, such as Logging and Business Data Connectivity. As you
can see, the space that SharePoint might need for its files is not the only space you’ll need. In this
case, everything is stored in one place. Size it well, and guard it carefully.
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