Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
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The sites we will be looking at are those created by the default templates available with SharePoint
Foundation. However, it is possible, if you are a developer, to create a great site definition and simply
use it to create a site, avoiding the need for a template. Site definitions can even contain information
for separate basic sites based on their settings and features (which is what meeting workspaces use).
The details are beyond the scope of this topic, but it does need to be said, should you come across a
fancy site definition and are told it can be applied to a site without a template. Most often, though, for
the convenience, people create templates based on an existing site definition and use those instead.
Site Collection A site collection is just that, a collection of sites under one starting address.
Often they are created to be a grouping of related sites. The first site in the collection is called
the top-level site , and all subsequent sites below that are called subsites . All sites in a site
collection can share users and permissions and many galleries and can reside in the same basic
path. Each site is created based on a template, including a blank one if you simply want to
customize it from the ground up in SharePoint Designer. Site collections are contained in web
applications. There can be more than one site collection per web application. For web
applications with one content database, 2,000 site collections is the supported limit. For more about
site collections and related topics, see Chapter 10, “Site Collections and Web Applications.”
Top-Level Site This is the first and “top” site in a collection. All site collections require
at least one site: the top-level site. This is the site that holds the settings for administering
the entire site collection. Although the top-level site is created based on a template just like
all others, its security settings and galleries can affect all other sites in the collection. See
Chapter 10 for more about top-level sites and their settings.
Subsite This is a site that resides under another site. Often the upper site is called the parent
site , and the subsite is called a child site . All top-level sites and their subsites reside in a site
collection. A site considered “under” another site is one that has its address further down the
path from the site “above” it, such as http://spf2/subsite1/. Subsite1 is a child of the
toplevel site located at http://spf2.
Self-service Site This is a site collection (not a site) that is user-created and user-controlled.
The ability to create self-service sites is administratively enabled per web application and is
not on by default.
When creating SharePoint sites (whether top-level sites or subsites), you can use site
templates based on site definitions to configure the new site to do exactly what you need. By default,
SharePoint has several existing site templates:
Tea m Site
Blank Site
Document Workspace
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