Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
M A S T E R P A G E S
Master pages are HTML files (actually, they support XHTML) that reference the ASP.NET-based
code that controls general features for the site’s pages. General features in this case are things
that appear on every page of the site, such as navigation, header, footer, and content areas. The
master page has the code for the top ribbon bar, top link bar, Account menu, the help icon,
and the Quick Launch bar. Site definitions have a master page, and templates create an initial
master page when a new site is first created. Every site has, by default, a default.master file,
which is backward-compatible with WSS 3.0 (for visual upgrades when migrating), as well as
master pages for the current version of SharePoint: v4.master and minimal.master (a basic,
starter master page). You can add custom master pages (or create and edit them in SharePoint
Designer or Visual Studio) and add them to the site using the Master Page Gallery, as shown in
Figure 9.18. You can also download them and import them into other sites or even other servers.
When you change a master page for a site, either a top-level site or a subsite, it changes only that
master page for that site. Even though there may be other sites in the site collection using the
same template and their own copy of the same master page, they are not going to be affected.
If you change a site’s master page, it affects only that site. If you change a site definition, the
change will be reflected in all sites that are based on that site definition.
The Master Page
This section is focused on making changes to the site as a whole, rather than certain portions or
particular settings. Designed for the site administrator, it handles site-wide settings, from
available features to deleting the site altogether.
M A N A G E S I T E F E A T U R E S
This option shows all the features deployed to the site. All you can do on this page is activate or
deactivate the features available. See Figure 9.19.