Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Now that you know the prerequisites have been installed, it’s time to take a look at the server
role that was added, IIS.
Checking the Web Server Role
There are a few ways to see whether IIS is installed and to discover how it’s configured; this
examination will also let you understand more clearly what changes SharePoint makes to IIS after
it installs. You will first check the Server Manager console to see what it says under Roles And
Features and then check the IIS management console and see what it looks like at this point.
WHEN IS AN APPLICATION NOT AN APPLICATION?
Keep in mind that Server 2008 and 2008 R2 split some of the services out from IIS and consider
them Application server roles. Essentially, Microsoft makes this distinction because you can offer
applications from the server that have nothing to do with web services. However, web services
generally require application server capabilities. So, there is some overlap, and a requirement is
for the Application server role to be enabled when web server is also enabled.
1. To that end, open the Server Manager console (it’s usually a button on the taskbar
showing a gray server and toolbox, or you can get to it from the Administrative Tools off the
2. Once the console opens, you’ll be able to see the server summary in the content pane on the
right of the window. If you click the plus sign next to Roles in the navigation pane on the left
and click Web Server (IIS) , you will see information pertaining to the IIS role in the content
pane (Figure 2.11).This area is useful for managing the IIS server role. It will not only prove
that the role is enabled but also show you the system services running for that role (so you
can be sure each service is running as it should), as well as the events related to that role
(again checking that all is well). It will also let you check the Best Practice Analyzer for the
role, which is always handy.
Forty-one role services have been enabled as part of the prerequisite installation; that’s
practically everything but some custom logging, FTP services, WebDAV publishing
(interestingly enough), and IIS hostable web core. Of particular interest is the IIS 6.0
compatibility (Figure 2.12). Not only does SharePoint need this, but when you enable SMTP
services (as we will in a moment), it’ll use the IIS 6.0 console as well.
So, we’ve confirmed that IIS has been enabled and that many associated services are also
running as a result of the prerequisites install. To make certain all is well, let’s take a look
at the IIS management console.
You could access the IIS manager console right inside the Server Manager console, but I’d like
to prove something. So, let’s access IIS by going the long way.
1. Close out of the Server Manager.
2. Click the Start button on the taskbar, and go to Administrative Tools .