Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
In addition, during a Standalone installation, all server configuration will be done
automatically for you, using standard settings and local service accounts. The implementation
of a Standalone server is good for demonstration, for evaluation, or if you are in an
environment that does not require more than one server or full-blown SQL server software
and if you don’t mind the 4GB database limitation of SQL Server 2008 Express (although
you can upgrade it to the 2008 R2 version, which supports up to 10 GB, which may help).
Immediately after you click the Standalone button, the installation will just begin with
little interference from you.
The Server Farm button, in contrast, takes you to a page that offers you two options: to, once
again, do a Stand-alone or a Complete installation (OK, maybe not quite so much contrast if
it’s offering Standalone twice). It is the Complete button that you will click if you truly want
to have more control over the settings of your SharePoint configuration, use an existing SQL
installation for the databases, and do not install SQL 2008 Express on the local server. Use
the Complete installation type if you intend to build a SharePoint server farm to spread the
web-accessing load between more than one server—all pointing to the same configuration
database in SQL for their server farm configuration settings.
Strangely, the Stand-alone server button available after you choose Server Farm is
exactly the same as the first Standalone button, except in this setting you get to choose
where the index files to be used by Search will go. Otherwise, there is no difference.
Why SharePoint offers Standalone more than once, I don’t know.
Now that you are reminded of the perils of selecting the wrong installation type, let’s
4. To continue with the Standalone installation, simply click the Standalone button.
The Installation Progress page will come up, with a progress bar and the statement
“Installing SharePoint Foundation 2010...” below it (Figure 2.26).
It is during the installation part of this process that the prerequisites are verified, necessary
files are installed, and the SharePoint services will be created but not yet started (Figure 2.27).