Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
The Internet and the Web
The Internet and the Web
The Internet is a worldwide collection of computer networks that allows people to
communicate and exchange information quickly and easily. The World Wide Web WWW ), (
or simply the Web , is a service the Internet offers that enables individuals and businesses
to test and market products and services to a global audience. Organizations and
individuals use the Web to provide or ﬁ nd information; businesses use it to sell or advertise
their products and to communicate information to customers or employees.
Information on the Web is displayed electronically through Web pages, which are
created using programming languages, such as Hypertext Markup Language (HTML),
Extensible Markup Language (XML), and Active Server Pages (ASP). A Web site is a
collection of Web pages that have a common theme or focus. Web pages are stored on a
Web server , which is a computer that manages the display of the Web pages on a Web
site. Web pages are linked together by hyperlinks (or links ), which you click to move
from one Web page to another.
Internet Service Providers and Web Browsers
To research information on the Web, you must use a computer that has some type of Internet
connection, such as broadband, dial-up, or satellite. The option you choose depends on
what is available to you. For example, if you are a student at a university, you might be
connected to the Internet through the university’s wireless network. Wireless networks
use radio frequency signals to transmit data between individual computers and devices,
such as routers, that are physically connected to a network. Home connections require an
account with an Internet service provider ISP ), a company that provides Internet access. (
This company guides you in conﬁ guring your computer to connect to one of its servers via
a telephone or cable modem. When you are logged on to your ISP account, you use a Web
browser to access, retrieve, and display Web pages. Among the most popular browsers are
Windows Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Avant Browser, Google Chrome, and Opera.
Starting Microsoft Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer 8, the current version of Microsoft’s Web browser, provides all the tools
you need to communicate, access, and share information on the Web. To help Susan ﬁ nd
information about other B&Bs, you’ll show her how to start Internet Explorer.
To start Internet Explorer:
1. Click the Internet Explorer button on the taskbar.
Trouble? This tutorial assumes you have Internet Explorer 8 installed on your
computer. If you are using another Web browser, ask your instructor or technical
support person for assistance.
Trouble? If the Internet Explorer button does not appear on the taskbar,
click the Start button , point to All Programs, and then click Internet Explorer.
If Internet Explorer does not appear on the All Programs menu, click the Start
button , type Internet Explorer in the Search programs and files box, and then
click Internet Explorer in the list of search results.
2. If the program window does not fill the screen entirely, click the Maximize button
should look similar to the one shown in the Session 1 Visual Overview.
Trouble? If your browser opens to a different Web page, click the Address bar,
page unless instructed to do so by your instructor or technical support person.