Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Creating Citations
of a sentence in which you quote or refer to material from a source. For books or journals,
the citation itself usually includes the author’s last name and a page number. However, if
the sentence containing the citation already includes the author’s name, you only need to
include the page number in the citation. Figure 2-25 provides some sample MLA citations
for books and journals. For detailed guidelines, you can consult the MLA Handbook for
Writers of Research Papers, Seventh Edition , which includes many examples.
Figure 2-25
MLA Guidelines for citing a book or journal
Citation Rule
Example
If the sentence includes the
Peterson compares the opening
author’s name, the citation should
scene of the movie to a scene
only include the page number.
from Shakespeare (188).
If the sentence does not include the
The opening scene of the movie
author’s name, the citation should
has been compared to a scene
include the author’s name and the
from Shakespeare (Peterson, 188).
page number.
Word greatly simplifi es the process of creating citations and a bibliography. You
specify the style you want to use, and then Word takes care of setting up the citation and the
list of works cited appropriately. Every time you create a citation for a new source, Word
prompts you to enter the information needed to create the corresponding entry in the list
of works cited. When you are ready, Word generates the bibliography automatically.
Written Communication: Acknowledging Your Sources
A research paper is a means for you to explore the available information about a subject
and then present this information, along with your own understanding of the subject, in an
organized and interesting way. Acknowledging all the sources of the information presented
in your research paper is essential. If you fail to do this, you might be subject to charges
of plagiarism, or trying to pass off someone else’s thoughts as your own. Plagiarism is an
extremely serious accusation, for which you could suffer academic consequences ranging
from failing an assignment or even being expelled from school.
To ensure that you don’t forget to cite a source, you should be careful about creating
citations in your document as you type it. It’s very easy to forget to go back and cite all
your sources correctly after you’ve finished typing a research paper. If you do forget to cite
a source, this could lead to accusations of plagiarism, and all the consequences that entails.
Creating Citations
Before you create citations, you need to select the style you want to use, which in the
case of Natalie’s paper is the MLA style. Then, to insert a citation, you click the Insert
Citation button in the Citations & Bibliography group on the References tab. If you are
citing a source for the fi rst time, Word prompts you to enter all the information required
for the source’s entry in the bibliography or list of works cited. If you are citing an
existing source, you simply select the source from the Insert Citation menu.
By default, an MLA citation includes only the author’s name in parentheses. However,
you can use the Edit Citation dialog box to add a page number. You can also use the Edit
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