Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Applying a Picture Style
4. Click the Drop Shadow Rectangle style, in the top row, second from the right.
The gallery closes and a shadow appears below and to the right of the apple. See
Photo formatted with a picture style
5. Save the document.
Working with Graphics Files
Graphics come in two main types—vector graphics and raster graphics. A vector graphic
file stores an image as a mathematical formula, which means you can increase or
decrease the size of the image as much as you want without affecting its overall
quality. They are often used for line drawings and, because they tend to be small, are widely
used on the Web. File types for vector graphics are often proprietary, which means they
only work in specific graphics programs. In Word, you will sometimes encounter files
with the .wmf file extension, which is short for Windows Metafiles. A .wmf file is a type of
vector graphic file created specifically for Windows.
In most cases, though, you will work with raster graphics, also known as bitmap
graphics. A bitmap is a grid of square colored dots, called pixels , that form a picture.
A bitmap graphic, then, is essentially a collection of specific pixels. The most common
types of bitmap files are:
• BMP—Default format for graphics created in Microsoft Paint. These files, which have
the .bmp file extension, tend to be very large, so it’s best to resave them in a different
format before using them in a Word document.
• TIFF—Commonly used for photographs or scanned images. TIFF files are usually much
larger than GIF or JPEG files, but smaller than BMP files. A TIFF file has the file
• GIF—Suitable for most types of simple art, without complicated colors. A GIF file is
compressed, so it doesn’t take up much room on your computer. A GIF file has the file
• PNG—Similar to GIF, but suitable for art containing a wider array of colors. PNG files
are slowly replacing GIF files as the preferred type for uncomplicated art consisting of
a few simple lines.
• JPEG—Suitable for photographs and drawings. Files stored using the JPEG format are
even more compressed than GIF files. A JPEG file has the file extension .jpg. To save
file space, use JPEG graphics as much as possible.