Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Using Absolute References
Figure 3-3
Formulas using a relative reference
formula references
a cell three rows up
and three columns
to the left of the
active cell
when copied to new
cells, each formula
still references a
cell three rows up
and two columns to
the left
values returned by
each formula
In this fi gure, the formula =A2 entered in cell D5 displays the value of 10, which is
the value entered in cell A2. When pasted to a new location, each of the pasted
formulas contains a reference to a cell that is three rows up and three rows to the left of the
current cell’s location. One of the great advantages of relative references is that you can
quickly generate row and column totals without having to worry about revising the
formulas as you copy them to new locations.
Using Absolute References
A good practice when designing a workbook is to enter values in their own cells in one
location of the worksheet, and then reference the appropriate cells in formulas
throughout the worksheets. This reduces the amount of data entry when you need to use the
same data in more than one location. It also makes it faster and more accurate when you
need to change a data value, as all the formulas based on that cell are updated to refl ect
the new value.
Next, you will enter the Drakes’ monthly income. The couple’s income changes in
the summer as Diane works fewer hours and Glenn works more. Rather than inserting
these same values each month, you’ll enter them in cells at the top of the worksheet and
then reference those values in the income/expenses table at the bottom of the worksheet.
Later, if Diane modifi es the monthly income estimates, you’ll need to change them in
only one location rather than in 12 different locations.
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