Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Starting Windows 7.
Starting Windows 7
The operating system is software that manages and coordinates activities on the computer
and helps the computer perform essential tasks, such as displaying information on the
computer screen and saving data on disks. (The term software refers to the programs , or
applications , that a computer uses to complete tasks.) Your computer uses the Microsoft
Windows 7 operating system— Windows 7 for short. Windows is the name of the
operating system, and indicates the version you are using. 7
Much of the software created for the Windows 7 operating system shares the same
look and works the same way. This similarity in design means that after you learn how
to use one Windows 7 program, you are well on your way to understanding how to use
others. Windows 7 allows you to use more than one program at a time, so you can easily
switch between your word-processing program and your appointment book program, for
example. It also makes it easy to access the Internet , a worldwide collection of
computers connected to one another to enable communication.
Windows 7 starts automatically when you turn on your computer. After completing
some necessary start-up tasks, Windows 7 displays a Welcome screen, which lists all the
users for the computer. Before you start working with Windows 7, you might need to click
your user name (a unique name that identiﬁ es you to Windows 7) and type a password (a
conﬁ dential series of characters) before you can work with Windows 7. After you provide
this information, the Windows 7 desktop appears.
To begin your review of Windows 7, Elena asks you to start Windows 7.
To start Windows 7:
1. Turn on your computer. After a moment, Windows 7 starts and the Welcome
Trouble? If you are asked to select an operating system, do not take action.
Windows 7 should start automatically after a designated number of seconds. If it
does not, ask your instructor or technical support person for help.
2. On the Welcome screen, click your user name and enter your password, if
necessary. The Windows 7 desktop appears, as shown in the Session 1 Visual Overview.
Your desktop might look different.
Trouble? If your user name does not appear on the Welcome screen, first try
pressing the Ctrl+Alt+Del keys to enter it. If necessary, ask your instructor or
technical support person for further assistance.
Trouble? If you need to enter a user name and a password, type your assigned
user name, press the Tab key, type your password, and then click the Continue
button or press the Enter key to continue.
Trouble? If a blank screen or an animated design replaces the Windows 7
desktop, your computer might be set to use a screen saver , a program that causes a
monitor to go blank or to display an animated design after a specified amount of
idle time. Press any key or move your mouse to restore the Windows 7 desktop.
The Windows 7 desktop uses a graphical user interface GUI , pronounced gooey ), (
which uses graphics to represent items stored on your computer, such as programs and
ﬁ les. A computer ﬁ le is a collection of related information; typical types of ﬁ les include
text documents, spreadsheets, digital pictures, and songs. Your computer displays ﬁ les
as icons, which are pictures of familiar objects, such as ﬁ le folders and documents.
Windows 7 gets its name from the rectangular work areas, called windows, that appear
on your screen as you work, such as those shown in Figure 1.