Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Creating a Web Page from Scratch
Web Page Design
the Web. If you intend to turn your document into a web page, you need to save it as
an HTML file. HTML (hypertext markup language) is a formatting language
specifically meant for web pages—it tells web browsers how to display the page.
Word offers these Web-friendly file formats:
Single File Web Page (.mht, .mhtml). This format, originally designed as a way
to archive web-page files, saves all the separate files that make up a web page in
a single package. Files in this format don’t display properly in all web browsers,
so stick with the next two choices if you’re looking to publish a page online (as
opposed to emailing to a friend).
Web Page (.htm, .html). This is the format to use if you’re not yet finished
working with a page in Word. It retains special codes that Word uses to work
with your file; if you’re going to edit the file in Word, you want to keep those
codes in place.
Web Page, Filtered (.htm, .html). What filtered means is that those Word-specific
codes just mentioned get stripped out of the saved file. This makes the file leaner,
so it loads faster when someone views it in a web browser. When you’re ready to
upload your document to your website, choose this option.
When you save a Word document as a web page, Microsoft saves your file in the
HTML format and creates a folder with associated files. The HTML file has the
name you chose for the filename, such as index.htm . The folder name is the filename
plus the word “files,” such as index_files . The folder holds formatting information,
any images you include in the page, and a list of the files associated with the page.
Creating a Web Page from Scratch
The best way to create a Word document that will look good on the Web is to create a
table to hold all the elements that make up the page. Tables let you control placement
of the page’s header, navigation bar, text, and images. When you type some content
into a table, the width of the cell keeps the lines of text from getting too long—which
is good, because viewers don’t like having to scroll horizontally to read what’s on a
web page. You can give your website a consistent look across all its pages by saving
the table as a template. This section walks you through the process of building a web
page from scratch, one step at a time.
Creating your site’s home page
Start by creating the first page your visitors will see: your site’s home page. This page
welcomes folks and gives them an idea of what your site is about.
Step 1: Set up a table
To make sure that web browsers will display your page as you want it to look, use a
table to control each page’s layout. Here’s how:
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