Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Using Cell References with a Function
Functions
Note: Even if a function doesn’t take any arguments, you still need to supply an empty set of parentheses
after the function name. One example is the RAND() function, which generates a random fractional
number. The formula =RAND() works fine, but if you forget the parentheses and merely enter =RAND , then
Excel displays an error message ( #NAME ?). That’s Excelian for: “Hey! You got the function’s name wrong.”
Using Cell References with a Function
One of the particularly powerful things about functions is that they don’t necessarily
need to use literal values in their arguments. They can also use cell references. For
example, you could rewrite the five-card combination formula (mentioned above)
so that it specifies the number of cards that’ll be drawn from the deck based on a
number that you’ve typed in somewhere else in the spreadsheet. Assuming this
information’s entered into cell B2, the formula would become:
=COMBIN(52, )
Building on this formula, you can calculate the probability (albeit astronomically
low) of getting the exact hand you want in one draw:
=1/COMBIN(52,B2)
You could even multiply this number by 100 or use the Percent number style to see
your percentage chance of getting the cards you want.
Tip: Excel gives you a detailed function reference to find functions and learn about them. Excel’s
using this reference on page 486.
Using Cell Ranges with a Function
In many cases, you don’t want to refer to just a single cell, but rather a range of cells.
A range is simply a grouping of multiple cells. These cells may be next to each other
(say, a range that includes all the cells in a single column), or they could be scattered
across your worksheet. Ranges are useful for computing averages, totals, and many
other calculations.
To group together a series of cells, use one of the three following reference operators:
The comma (,) separates more than one cell . For example, the series A1, B7,
is a cell range that contains three cells. The comma’s known as the union H9
operator . You can add spaces before or after a comma, but Excel just ignores or
removes them (depending on its mood).

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