Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Chart Types
Note: In order to learn about a chart subtype, you need to know its name. The name appears when you
hover over the subtype thumbnail, either in the Insert➝Charts list (Figure 19-2) or the Insert Chart dialog
box (Figure 19-3).
Here’s a quick summary of your column chart choices:
Clustered Column . In a clustered column, each value’s shown in its own
separate column. To form a cluster, the columns are grouped together according
to category.
Stacked Column . In a stacked column, each category has only one column. To
create this column, Excel adds together the values from every series for each
category. However, the column is subdivided (and color-coded), so you can see
the contribution each series makes.
100% Stacked Column . The 100% stacked column is like a stacked column in
that it uses a single bar for each category, and subdivides that bar to show the
proportion from each series. The difference is that a stacked column always
stretches to fill the full height of the chart. That means stacked columns are
designed to focus exclusively on the percentage distribution of results, not the
total numbers.
3-D Clustered Column, Stacked Column in 3-D, and 100% Stacked Column
in 3-D . Excel’s got a 3-D version for each of the three basic types of column
charts, including clustered, stacked, and 100% stacked. The only difference
between the 3-D versions and the plain-vanilla column charts is that the 3-D
charts are drawn with a three-dimensional special effect, that’s either cool or
distracting, depending on your perspective.
3-D Column . While all the other 3-D column charts simply use a 3-D effect
for added pizzazz, this true 3-D column chart actually uses the third dimension
by placing each new series behind the previous series. That means, if you have
three series, you end up with three layers in your chart. Assuming the chart is
tilted just right, you can see all these layers at once, although it’s possible that
some bars may become obscured, particularly if you have several series.
Along with the familiar column and three-dimensional column charts, Excel also
provides a few more exotic versions that use cylinders, cones, and pyramids instead
of ordinary rectangles. Other than their different shapes, these chart types work just
like regular column charts. As with column and bar charts, you can specify how
cylinder, cone, and pyramid charts should deal with multiple series. Your options
include clustering, stacking, 100% stacking, and layering (true 3-D). See Figure 19-17
for an example.
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