Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Create Custom Numeric Formats
Create Custom
Numeric Formats
You are not limited to predefined numeric
formats in Excel; you can create a custom cell
format that displays information just how you
want it.
The predefined numeric formats give you a lot
of control over how your numbers are
displayed, but they have their limitations. For
example, no built-in format enables you to
display a number such as 0.5 without the
leading zero, or to display temperatures using,
say, the degree symbol. To overcome these and
other limitations, you need to create your own
custom numeric formats.
You can create custom numeric formats either
by editing an existing format or by creating
your own format. The formatting syntax and
symbols are explained in the Tip.
Every Excel numeric format, whether built-in
or customized, has the following syntax:
The four parts, separated by semicolons,
determine how various numbers are presented.
The first part defines how a positive number is
displayed, the second part defines how a
negative number is displayed, the third part
defines how zero is displayed, and the fourth
part defines how text is displayed.
1 Select the range you
want to format.
2 Click the Home tab.
3 In the Number group,
click the dialog box
launcher icon.
The Format Cells dialog
box appears with the
Number tab selected.
If you want to base your
custom format on an
existing format, you can
click the category and
then click the format.
4 Click Custom.
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