Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Using Ranges
Cnt = Range(“A1:C300”).Count
The Range property is also useful for referencing a single cell in a multicell range. For example,
you may create a function that is supposed to accept a single-cell argument. If the user specifies
a multicell range as the argument, you can use the Range property to extract the upper-left cell
in the range. The following example uses the Range property (with an argument of “A1” ) to
return the value in the upper-left cell of the range represented by the cell argument.
Function Square(cell as Range)
CellValue = cell.Range(“A1”).Value
Square = CellValue ^ 2
End Function
Assume that the user enters the following formula:
=Square(C5:C12)
The Square function works with the upper-left cell in C5:C12 (which is C5) and returns the value
squared.
Many Excel worksheet functions work in this way. For example, if you specify a
multicell range as the first argument for the LEFT function, Excel uses the upper-left cell
in the range. However, Excel is not consistent. If you specify a multicell range as the
argument for the SQRT function, Excel returns an error.
The Cells property
Another way to reference a range is to use the Cells property. The Cells property accepts
two arguments (a row number and a column number), and returns a single cell. The following
statement assigns the value in cell A1 to a variable named FirstCell :
FirstCell = Cells(1, 1).Value
The following statement returns the upper-left cell in the range C5:C12:
UpperLeft = Range(“C5:C12”).Cells(1,1)
If you use the Cells property without an argument, it returns a range that consists of
all cells on the worksheet. In the following example, the TotalCells variable contains
the total number of cells in the worksheet:
 
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