Microsoft Office Tutorials and References

In Depth Information

**Cell and Range References**

absolute references to row 2 and column B, each copied formula produces the correct result. If

the formula uses relative references, copying the formula causes the references to adjust and

produce the wrong results.

Figure 2-4:
An example of using mixed references in a formula.

A1 versus R1C1 notation

Normally, Excel uses
A1 notation.
Each cell address consists of a column letter and a row

number. However, Excel also supports
R1C1 notation.
In this system, cell A1 is referred to as cell R1C1,

cell A2 as R2C1, and so on.

To change to R1C1 notation, choose File➜Options to open the Excel Options dialog box, click the

Formulas tab, and place a check mark next to the R1C1 Reference Style option. Now, notice that

the column letters all change to numbers. And all the cell and range references in your formulas

also adjust.

Look at the following examples of formulas using standard notation and R1C1 notation. The

formula is assumed to be in cell B1 (also known as R1C2).

Standard

R1C1

=A1+1

=RC[–1]+1

=$A$1+1

=R1C1+1

=$A1+1

=RC1+1

=A$1+1

=R1C[–1]+1

=SUM(A1:A10)

=SUM(RC[–1]:R[9]C[–1])

=SUM($A$1:$A$10)

=SUM(R1C1:R10C1)

If you find R1C1 notation confusing, you’re not alone. R1C1 notation isn’t too bad when you’re

dealing with absolute references. When relative references are involved, though, the brackets

can drive you nuts.

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