Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Adding footnotes and endnotes
Adding footnotes and endnotes
Footnotes and endnotes typically convey additional information
about statements in the body of a document, or they describe
the sources of quoted material. You typically see footnotes and
endnotes being used in scholarly papers, business reports, and
nonfiction books where there’s a need for thorough information.
Each footnote or endnote is automatically numbered. The
number, called a reference mark , appears as a superscript in the
body of the document; the same number appears at the begin-
ning of the footnote or endnote text as an identifier. If you insert
both kinds of notes in the same document, Word 2013 creates
separate number sequences for the footnotes and for the end-
notes. The reference mark is a hyperlink to the location of the
corresponding note, and the number in the footnote or endnote
text is a hyperlink to the corresponding reference mark.
A footnote appears at the bottom of a page, whereas all end-
notes are gathered at the end of the document or at the end of
each section of the document. You can include both footnotes
and endnotes in the same document. If you want, you can con-
vert all the footnotes in a document to endnotes, or vice versa.
Add a footnote or endnote
1 Click in your document’s text where you want to insert the refer-
ence mark for a footnote or endnote.
2 On the References tab, in the Footnotes group, click Insert Footnote
or Insert Endnote.
Word inserts the next number in the footnote or endnote sequence
as the new reference mark and inserts the same number at the
bottom of the page or at the end of the document. The cursor
appears after the footnote or endnote number, ready for you to
insert your text.
2
1
3 Type or paste the text that you want in the footnote. When you
finish typing the note, double-click the note’s number to return to
the location of the reference mark.
3
TIP Footnotes and endnotes in Draft, Outline, or Web Layout
view are usually hidden. On the References tab, in the Footnotes
group, click Show Notes to open a Footnote pane or an Endnote pane
at the bottom of the window.
TIP If you insert or delete a footnote or endnote before the
last existing note of that type, all the later notes in the
sequence are automatically renumbered.
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