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Installing directory synchronization with a dedicated computer running SQL Server
Before starting the directory synchronization installation process, you need to decide
whether directory synchronization will use a dedicated computer running a SQL Server
instance to store configuration data or whether it will use WID, which comes with it. You
should try to use WID if you have fewer than 50,000 objects in your AD because this makes
your directory synchronization installation more like a network appliance and easier to
maintain. There are also fewer components to troubleshoot and monitor; for example, it is
easier to manage the communication between the directory synchronization server and the
dedicated computer running SQL Server.
INSIDE OUT Dedicated computer running SQL Server
Directory synchronization can be installed as a stand-alone tool using the built-in WID,
which is really a SQL Server Express database, or it can be installed on a dedicated
computer running a SQL Server instance. Instinctively, you might want to use a dedicated
SQL database in an enterprise setup because that is what we have been conditioned to
do. However, the guidance is that if your AD has fewer than 50,000 objects to be
synchronized, you can use directory synchronization with its built-in SQL 2008 Express. Use
a dedicated computer running SQL Server only if you need to synchronize more than
50,000 objects. Continue to follow the installation instructions in this section, and we
will show you how to configure directory synchronization for SQL 2008 Express or for a
dedicated computer running SQL Server.
The next two sections outline the two options for installing directory synchronization:
Install directory synchronization with a dedicated computer running SQL Server
Install directory synchronization with WID
Select the option that applies to you and follow the steps outlined in that section.
Installing directory synchronization with a dedicated
computer running SQL Server
Skip this section and refer to the next section if you choose to install directory
synchronization with WID. Otherwise, follow these steps:
1. Navigate to the location where you downloaded the Directory Sync tool and launch
it with the /fullsql parameter:
Dirsync /fullsql
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