Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Introduction to the Windows 8 Operating System
Keyboard Shortcuts
In many cases, you can use the keyboard instead of the mouse to accomplish
a task. To perform tasks using the keyboard, you press one or more keyboard keys,
sometimes identied as a keyboard shortcut . Some keyboard shortcuts consist of a
single key, such as the 1 key. For example, to obtain help in many apps, you can press
the 1 key. Other keyboard shortcuts consist of multiple keys, in which case a plus
sign separates the key names, such as + . This notation means to press and
hold down the rst key listed, press one or more additional keys, and then release all
keys. For example, to display the Start screen, press + , that is, hold down the
  key, press the key, and then release both keys.
Starting Windows
It is not unusual for multiple people to use the same computer in a work,
educational, recreational, or home setting. Windows enables each user to establish a
user account , which identies to Windows the resources, such as apps and storage
locations, a user can access when working with the computer.
Each user account has a user name and may have a password and an icon, as
well. A user name is a unique combination of letters or numbers that identies a
specic user to Windows. A password is a private combination of letters, numbers, and
special characters associated with the user name that allows access to a user’s account
resources. An icon is a small image that represents an object, thus a  user icon is a
picture associated with a user name.
When you turn on a computer, Windows starts and displays a lock screen
consisting of the time and date (Figure 3a). To unlock the screen, swipe up or click the
lock screen. Depending on your computer’s settings, Windows may or may not display
a sign-in screen that shows the user names and user icons for users who have accounts
on the computer (Figure 3b). This sign-in screen enables you to sign in to your user
account and makes the computer available for use. Tapping or clicking the user icon
begins the process of signing in, also called logging on, to your user account.
At the bottom of the sign-in screen is the ‘Ease of access’ button and a Shut
down button. Tapping or clicking the ‘Ease of access’ button displays the Ease of
access menu, which provides tools to optimize a computer to accommodate the needs
of the mobility, hearing, and vision impaired users. Tapping or clicking the Shut down
Figure 3a
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