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For example, for our Biology majors alumni example above, you would draw this
‘‘picture’’ of the scale in Fig. 5.6 :
Fig. 5.6
Example of drawing a ‘‘picture’’ of the means of the two groups on the rating scale
This drawing tells you visually that male alumni had a higher positive rating
than female alumni on this item (7.26 vs. 4.37). And, since you rejected the null
hypothesis and accepted the research hypothesis, you know that you have found a
significant difference between the two mean scores.
So, our conclusion needs to contain the following key words:
• Male alumni
• Female alumni
• State University
• Biology majors
• significantly
• more satisfied or less satisfied
• either (7.26 vs. 4.37) or (4.37 vs. 7.26)
We can use these key words to write the either of two conclusions which are
logically identical:
Either
Alumni who were male Biology majors were significantly more satisfied
with their academic experience in the Biology department at State
University than female Biology majors (7.26 vs. 4.37).
Or
Alumni who were female Biology majors were significantly less satisfied
with their academic experience in the Biology department at State
University than male Biology majors (4.37 vs. 7.26).
Both of these conclusions are accurate, so you can decide which one you want
to write. It is your choice.
Also, note that the mean scores in parentheses at the end of these conclusions
must match the sequence of the two groups in your conclusion. For example, if you
say that: ‘‘Male alumni were significantly more satisfied than female alumni,’’ the
end of this conclusion should be: (7.26 vs. 4.37) since you mentioned males first,
and females second.
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