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Figure 6-5. A key performance indicator
KPIs are defined in PerformancePoint as a set of metrics that are either “actual” or “target” metrics. Actual
metrics are the values that are calculated from the underlying business data. In the example in Figure 6-5 ,
“Reseller Sales” is an actual metric. Target metrics, in contrast, define a desired goal for the actual metric,
based on some condition or formula specified as part of the KPI’s definition. The “GPM” column is a target metric
in this example. Target metrics can be displayed in several ways but include three basic components: the indicator
and a value before and/or after the indicator. The meaning of these values can be defined wherever the KPI is
displayed. In this case, the highlighted line shows an actual value of “62.6%”, a green circle indicator, and an
attainment value of “–37%” based on the scoring pattern defined.
The definition of the KPI specifies where the actual and target values come from as well as what type
of indicator to show. PerformancePoint comes with a large set of indicators to choose from, as Figure 6-6 shows.
Through Dashboard Designer, you can also create your own custom indicators using custom images.
Figure 6-6. Some common indicator types
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