Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Mathematics and Statistics Applications
Mathematics and Statistics
Applications
The examples in this section may appeal to those involved with mathematical and
statistical applications.
Creating frequency distributions and histograms
A frequency distribution is a summary table that shows the frequency of each value
in a range. For example, an instructor may create a frequency distribution of test
scores. The table would show the count of test scores in various numeric ranges. A
chart created from a frequency distribution is often referred to as a histogram .
Excel provides a number of ways to create frequency distributions. You can
Use the FREQUENCY function
Use a pivot table
This section covers the FREQUENCY function and the Analysis ToolPak
options. Refer to Chapter 9 for examples of using a pivot table to create a
histogram.
USING THE FREQUENCY FUNCTION
Using Excel’s FREQUENCY function is probably the easiest way to create a
frequency distribution. This function always returns an array, so you must use it in an
array formula entered into a multicell range.
Figure 8-38 shows a workbook with data in range A2:1001 (named Data ). These
values range from 43 to 100. The range C5:C14 contains the bins used for the
frequency distribution. Each cell in this bin range contains the upper limit for the bin. In
this case, the bins consist of <=55, 56–60, 61–65, and so on. See the sidebar “Creating
Bins for a Frequency Distribution” to discover an easy way to create a bin range.
To create the frequency distribution, select a range of cells that correspond to the
number of cells in the bin range — in this example, range D5:D14. Then enter the
following array formula:
=FREQUENCY(Data,C5:C14)
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