Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Enterprise or local?
If your organization has you choose resources
from an organization-wide group, you can
assign enterprise resourcesto your project. To
assign resources created for your enterprise in
Project Server, you use the Build Team from
Enterprise command, located on the Tools
menu; this command is available to you only if
you are nicely set up on a network with Project
Server in place. (See Chapter 18 for more about
To set up so-called localor non-enterprisere-
sources, you simply create your own resource
list in your projects; these resources are not
available to other project managers.
Resource types: Work, material, and cost
Although people and things come in all shapes and sizes, only three types of
resources exist as far as Project is concerned: work resources, material
resources, and cost resources:
Work resources are typically (but not always) people. They can’t be
depleted but can be reassigned. Their costs are associated with the
amount of work time they put in, usually at an hourly rate. Work
resources are assigned to tasks based on a Working Time calendar (as
shown in Figure 7-3), where you specify their working and nonworking
hours. You can select one of three base calendars and then modify
specific working hours.
Material resources can have an hourly rate or a unit cost, and they also
have an unlimited working time. This type of resource has no calendar,
and you make no settings for working and nonworking time.
Cost resources have a set cost associated with them. Calendars and
units of work or unit costs have nothing to do with the amount such
resources deduct from the bottom line of your project.
A typical work resource is a person working eight hours a day at a standard
rate of $20 per hour and an overtime rate of $30 per hour. Another example of
a work resource is a meeting facility available only eight hours a day at an
hourly rate. Even though it’s not a person, the meeting facility would
probably be created as a working resource because it has limited “working” hours.
The three kinds of calendars are Project, Task, and Resource. Calendars, their
settings, and how those settings interact are discussed at some length in
A typical material resource is any material — such as steel, rubber, paper or
books, chairs, and shoes — assigned to a task with an associated unit cost.