Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack
Note that even if you set .doc or some other format as your default you can still override
that setting at any time by using Save As and saving to .docx or any other supported
format. Setting one format as the default does not lock you out of using other formats as
Microsoft office Compatibility Pack
As of this writing, users of legacy versions of Word such as Word 2003 could open Word
2007, 2010, and 2013 fi les after installing a Compatibility Pack. While the Compatibility
Pack was not developed specifi cally for Word 2013 fi les, in my testing, I was able to open a
Word 2013 fi le in Word 2003 with the Compatibility Pack installed. The Compatibility Pack
is a free downloads found at
.aspx?id=3 . Or, go to . Click
in the Search Download Center text box at the top, type Compatibility Pack , and press
Enter. Check the Search results for “Microsoft Offi ce Compatibility Pack for Word, Excel, and
PowerPoint File Formats,” and download it. At this time, that was the latest version of the
Compatibility Pack available, but it’s possible an update could be released at a later time.
Converting a .docx i le into a .docm i le
Word 2013 uses four primary XML-based fi le formats:
.docx : An ordinary document containing no macros
.docm : A document that either contains macros or is macro-enabled
.dotx : A template that does not contain macros
.dotm : A template that either contains macros or is macro-enabled
It is important for some purposes for users to be able to include macros not just in document
templates, but in documents as well. This makes documents that contain automation a lot
more portable. Rather than having to send both document and template — or, worse, a
template masquerading as a document — you can send a document that has macros enabled.
Understanding and Avoiding Macro Viruses
When Word macro viruses fi rst started appearing, ordinary Word documents could not contain
macros — only templates could. Therefore, one of the most popular ways of “packaging” macro
viruses was in a .dot fi le that had been renamed with a . doc extension. The virus itself often was an
automatic macro (typically AutoExec) that performed some combination of destruction and
propagation when the rogue .dot fi le was fi rst opened. A common precaution was to press Shift as you
opened any Word fi le — .doc or .dot — to prevent automatic macros from running. In fact, even
with various advances in security and antivirus software, pressing Shift when you open an unfamiliar
Word document is still not being overly cautious. It’s a good policy to check the Trust Center macro
settings by choosing File
Trust Center and then clicking the Trust Center Settings
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