Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Manipulating Inserted Pictures (and Other Graphics)
Word document has several different layers . Where you normally compose text is called the
text layer . There are also drawing layers that are both in front of and behind the text layer.
A graphic inserted in front of the text layer will cover text up, unless the graphic is
semitransparent, in which case it will modify the view of the text. Graphics inserted behind the
text layer act as a backdrop, or background, for the text.
Additionally, there is the header and footer layer . This is where headers and footers reside.
This area is behind the text area. If you place a graphic into a header or footer, the graphic
will appear behind the text. Dim graphics placed in the header and footer layer often serve
as watermarks. Sometimes the word CONFIDENTIAL will be used in the header and footer
layer, branding each page of the document as a caution to readers.
Setting wrapping and wrapping defaults
The Wrap Text setting determines how graphics interact with each other and with text.
Table 9.1 describes the available Wrap Text settings. Knowing how you plan to position
a picture should determine the wrapping setting. Wrapping effects and typical uses are
shown in Table 9.1. Wrapping comes in two basic fl avors: In Line with Text (in the text
layer) and fl oating (in the graphics layer, which includes the other six wrapping formats
listed in Table 9.1). Floating means that the picture can be dragged anywhere in the
document and isn’t constrained in the way that pictures in the text layer of the document are.
TABLE 9.1 Wrap Text Setting
Wrapping setting
Effect/application
In line with text
Inserted into text layer. Graphic can be dragged, but only from one
paragraph marker to another. Typically used in simple presentations and
formal reports.
Square
Creates a square “container” in the text where the graphic is. Text wraps
around the graphic, leaving a gap between the text and the graphic. The
graphic can be dragged anywhere in the document. Typically used in
newsletters and fl yers with a fair amount of white space.
Tight
Effectively creates a “container” in the text where the graphic is, of the
same shape as the overall outline of the graphic, so that text fl ows around
the graphic. Wrapping points can be changed to reshape the “hole” that
the text fl ows around. The graphic can be dragged anywhere in the
document. Typically used in denser publications in which paper space is
at a premium, and where irregular shapes are acceptable and even
desirable.
Behind text
Inserted into the bottom or back drawing layer of a document. The
graphic can be dragged anywhere in the document. Typically used for
watermarks and page background pictures. Text fl ows in front of the
graphic. Also used in the assembling of pictures from different vector
elements.
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