Microsoft Office Tutorials and References
In Depth Information
Counting cells based on multiple criteria
When you enter an array formula, remember to press Ctrl+Shift+Enter, but don’t type the curly brackets. Excel
includes the brackets for you.
Sometimes, the counting criteria will be based on cells other than the cells being counted.
You may, for example, want to count the number of sales that meet all the following
criteria:
Month is January and
SalesRep is Brooks and
Amount is greater than 1,000.
The following formula (for Excel 2007 and later) returns the number of items that meet all
three criteria. Note that the COUNTIFS function uses three sets of paired arguments.
=COUNTIFS(Month,"January",SalesRep,"Brooks",Amount,">1000")
An alternative formula, which works with all versions of Excel, uses the SUMPRODUCT
function. The following formula returns the same result as the previous formula:
=SUMPRODUCT((Month="January")*(SalesRep="Brooks")*(Amount>1000))
Yet another way to perform this count is to use an array formula:
{=SUM((Month="January")*(SalesRep="Brooks")*(Amount>1000))}
Using Or criteria
An Or criterion counts cells if any of the multiple conditions is met. To count cells by using
an Or criterion, you can sometimes use multiple COUNTIF functions. The following formula,
for example, counts the number of sales made in January or February:
=COUNTIF(Month,"January")+COUNTIF(Month,"February")
You can also use the COUNTIF function in an array formula. The following array formula,
for example, returns the same result as the previous formula:
{=SUM(COUNTIF(Month,{"January","February"}))}
But if you base your Or criteria on cells other than the cells being counted, the COUNTIF
function won’t work (refer to Figure 17.2). Suppose that you want to count the number of
sales that meet at least one of the following criteria:
Month is January or
SalesRep is Brooks or
Amount is greater than 1,000.
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